Glaucoma 101: Causes, Risks, and Treatments

Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve. When left untreated, it could lead to permanent loss of vision. Glaucoma symptoms are generally not noticeable in the first stages. However, if you are at risk of having this disease, it is advisable for you to have your eyes checked. If you would like to learn more about this disease before you head to a doctor, here are some of the things you need to know:

What Are the Causes?

Glaucoma often develops when the fluid inside the eyes, known as aqueous humor, gets blocked, causing it to build up. There are instances when specialists are unable to figure out how the obstruction came to be. Since this disease is hereditary, there is a higher chance for someone to be at risk of it if an immediate family member has been diagnosed with it.

Genetics is not the only factor that could lead to glaucoma. Eye injuries, infections, and inflammatory conditions are some of the other causes of this disease.

Who Is at Risk?

Anyone can be at risk of getting glaucoma. However, specific people are more likely to be affected by the disease. Those who are at a higher risk include African Americans, Asians, elder Hispanics, people who are aged 60 years and older, and individuals with a family history of glaucoma. Those who have suffered from eye injuries, as well as frequent steroid users, are also more likely to contract the disease.

There are other factors that could lead to glaucoma. People with poor eyesight, particularly those who are suffering from a severe case of myopia, are likely to get this disease. Individuals who have thick corneas or hypertension can also suffer from glaucoma.

What Are the Known Glaucoma Treatments?

Although glaucoma doesn’t have a cure, it can be managed. Prioritizing your eye health can help and prevent it from worsening. One of the ways this disease can be treated is by using medicated eye drops that help reduce eye pressure or medication in pill form. If a doctor deems it necessary, then a patient can undergo surgery to address the buildup of fluid in their eyes.

See a Doctor Today

Improving your vision and keeping it in good condition despite having glaucoma is possible with the advancement of glaucoma treatments. When you turn to Abell Eyes in Lexington, KY, you know that you are in good hands. Please contact us and set an appointment today!

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